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Full text of "The manufacture and properties of iron and steel"

GBEAT BRITAIN".
4:97
fore, supplied only one-third of the coal exported, but furnished two-thirds of the coke. The coal was shipped to all parts of the world, France taking the most—6,976,467 tons; Germany 6,110,101 tons, Italy 6,278,333 tons, and Eussia, 2,443,478 tons—almost all to her northern ports. The Pacific Coast of the United States took 72,373 tons, while the Atlantic Coast had 1,070,230 tons. The coke also was spread all over the earth; out of a total of 717,477 tons exported, the best customer was Spain and the Canaries with 142,-583 tons; next Norway, with 95,229 tons; northern Eussia, 28,156 tons; Sweden, 58,300 tons. Of the iron-producing nations Germany took 5,871 tons, France 16,301 tons, Austria 8,501 tons, and the Pacific Coast of America 32,388 tons. The shipments to Spain and to northern Eussia axe important, since these two districts depend upon outside sources for their fuel.
The steel industry of England is largely dependent upon foreign ore. In 1865 the imports of ore were not over 10,000 tons per year. In 1867 they had risen to 86,568 tons; in 1870 to 400,000 tons, and in 1880 to 3,000,000 tons. The imports, as shown in Table XXIII-A, now amount to over 6,000,000 tons per year,
TABLE XXIII-A. Imports of Iron Ore into Great Britain.
	1882	1886	1890	1895	1900	1903
	3,072,955	2,533,939	3,627,646	3,807,188	5,551,559	4,945,086
		17,969	79,007	193,353	304,648	316,648
Sweden.. . .           ............				80,904	98,055	244,999
Algeria ......................	91,097	201,601	205,670	162,525	141,624	222,619
					48,165	130,078
						123,611
Italy .............. .............	b9,231	35,546	79,312	127,317	88,582	111,197
						49,536
Other countries ...............	31,663	33,543	39,630	79,024	65,380	107,204
						
Total ......................	3,884,946	2,822,698	4,031,265	4,450,311	6,297,963	6,250,978
						
about 80 to 90 per cent, of which comes from Spain, where some of the largest English companies own ore properties. Greece and Algeria have been the most important sources of supply next to Spain, but recently Sweden has come to the front with increasing shipments each year. This ore goes to the north, south, east and west. The Northeast Coast gets 2,000,000 tons per year, Scotland 1,600,000 tons, South Wales 1,200,000 tons, and the West Coast